History of Croatia
The official name of the Republic of Croatia is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean. The capital and largest city are Zagreb, which occupies most of the country with twenty counties. Croatia covers an area of 56,594 […]
Croatia covers an area of 56,594 square kilometres. Croatia’s the Adriatic Sea contains more than a thousand islands. The population of the whole country is 4.28 million people, most of the Croatians, with the most popular religion being the Roman Catholic Church.
Croats came to this area in the 6th century and divided it into two territories in the 9th century. Tomislav became the first king in 925, bringing Croatia to the status of a kingdom and keeping the land. It is right for nearly two centuries. Croatia peaked in development during the rule of the kings Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatia formed an alliance with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, facing the conquest of the Turks, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand of the Habsburgs to the Croatian throne. By the beginning of the 19th century, parts of the country were divided into French Illyrian provinces while Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina – a dispute settled under the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. In October 1918, The last days of the First World War, the Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian states, were independent of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In December 1918, it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. After the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, most Croatian territories were combined with the Nazi-backed Nazis, leading to the development of the resistance movement and the formation of the Croatian Federation. war. Became a founding member of the Yugoslav Federal Socialist Republic.
On 25 June 1991, Croatia declared independence, fully effective on 8 October of the same year. Most of Croatia has a warm climate and continental rain. The coldest regions of the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar where snow forest is found at altitudes above 1,200 meters. The hottest areas of Croatia are on the Adriatic coast. Annual rainfall fluctuates between 600 mm and 3,500 mm depending on geographic area and climate. Rainfall is least recorded in the islands (Vis, Lastovo, Biševo, Svetac) and in the eastern part of Slavonia.
The service sector dominates the economy of Croatia, followed by the industrial and agricultural sectors. Tourism is an important source of revenue for Croatia. Croatia is ranked 18th among the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The state controls part of the economy. The European Union is Croatia’s most important trading partner. Since 2000, the Croatian government has consistently invested in infrastructure, especially shipping routes and facilities along the Pan-European Corridor.
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